What is high blood pressure?
Blood pressure describes the force with which the heart pushes blood around your body (systolic) and the resistance by the blood vessels (diastolic). We represent blood pressure using two numbers represents these markers. For example, 110/70.
Your blood pressure is high if the systolic pressure is 140 or more and the diastolic pressure is 90 or more.
You are more at risk of high blood pressure if you:
– Are over 65
– Are overweight
– Don’t exercise enough
– Have a high salt diet without enough fresh fruit or vegetables.
– Have a family history of high hypertension
– Drink too much alcohol or caffeine
– Are of African or Caribbean ancestry
Stress and poor sleep may also contribute to high blood pressure.
High blood pressure, also known as hypertension, is a risk factor for developing a number of serious conditions such as:
– Heart disease
– Heart attack
– Kidney disease
– Vascular dementia